|Photo by Chrissy H.|
In an elder tale, an older adult serves as the protagonist of the story rather than a minor character.
Elder tales give older adults the focus or the "starring roles," making these characters more rich, complex and nuanced than the stock character "little old man/lady" allows.
The source for this tale comes from Allan B. Chinen's collection In the Ever After: Fairy Tales and the Second Half of Life. Willmette, IL: Chiron Publications, 1989. Chinen cites his source as G. Friedlander's The Jewish Fairy Book. New York: Stokes, 1920. I could not find a separate source for this tale.
Here is my retelling of "The Wise Merchant":
Once upon a time, an older merchant and his grown son set out on a journey to sell a lifetime of wealth that the father had accumulated in the form of jewels. They placed the jewels in a chest and told no one about these valuables or the true purpose for their trip.
|Photo by VAnatolia.|
As they sailed on the ship, the older man and his son overheard the sailors on the deck whispering to each other about the chest.
From hearing snippets of the sailors' conversation, the older man and his son began to realize that their lives where in danger.
The younger man said, "Father, we should fight these greedy men to save the jewels--and our lives." The older man responded, "No, we are outnumbered. These pirates will overpower us."
The merchant and his son returned to their cabin to check on the chest. The older man paced back and forth in the small distance of their cabin while his son sat on the chest.
|Photo by als3N.|
The son appeared at the doorway and yelled out to his father, "Why should I listen? You never have anything of value to say. You are an old fool!"
The older man moved with intent to the side of the ship and hoisted the heavy chest to the railing.
With such a spectacle unfolding before them, the pirates were stunned into silence. The merchant then opened the chest for all to see the abundance of jewels inside.
The son was still standing in the doorway as the father yelled back to him, "There's no way I'm going to bestow my wealth to you! I'd rather live in poverty than allow you any portion of my life's work to you!"
And before anyone could stop him, the old merchant pushed the chest and its contents into the sea.
Once the older man and his son returned to their cabin, the younger man said, "I see that your plan was better than mine. The greedy sailors will leave us in peace now."
|Photo by Levi.|
Arrested and bound, the sailors where brought before the judge, who asked, "Did you steal this man's chest of jewels?
The sailors protested, "No! The old merchant threw the jewels overboard himself. We all saw him do this--as did his son. You arrested us while we were still on our ship. Search us and the ship, you will not find the jewels!"
The judge replied, "Well, no man would do something that foolish unless he feared for his life."
The greedy sailors saw that they were headed for jail or worse, so they struck a bargain with the judge. "If we give this man and his son wealth equal to the lost jewels, will you overturn the charges?" And the judge agreed.
Things to think about
I love how the father found a way to solve this problem with brains when the son's first impulse was to use brawn. The older man's treasure wasn't so much conveyed in the jewels he possessed, but in the lifetime of hard-won wisdom that he accumulated.
The wise merchant was able to correctly read the situation, assess his options, and use what he know about human nature to save his life and save his son's life.
The story could have ended there. However, the merchant also knew that he could persuade a judge to find evidence enough to arrest the greedy sailors who then restored the man's wealth.
The wealth, of course, serves as a metaphor.
People can have the benefits of age that are more intangible than jewels but powerful nonetheless. Older adults can negotiate through difficult situations using their wisdom.
By modeling wise and mature behavior, older adults teach their grown children (and grandchildren) how to survive and thrive in a future where the most mature members of society will not always be physically present.
What is the single most profound insight of this elder tale for me? It's acknowledging that pirates cannot steal and the sea cannot swallow the wisdom that older adults have to offer us.
If we show our children and grandchildren how we look up to our own elders, we increase the probability that they will inherent our wisdom.
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